Pneumonia and its causes, risk factors and diagnosis

Pneumonia and its causes, risk factors and diagnosis

Article by Groshan Fabiola

There are are mechanisms to protect your lungs from infection at each stage of the respiratory stage, but because you are very much exposed to viruses and bacteria sometimes these mechanisms fail in protect your respiratory system and you develop pneumonia. The infectious agents are attacked by white blood cells and all the process determins inflammation and difficult breathing.

Varius types of pneumonia include: Community-acquired pneumonia that is aquired at school, work or the gym which may be mistaken with the acute eosinophilic pneumonia developed by soldiers. Nosocomial pneumonia which occurs in hospitalized people, especially in those who are on a mechanical ventilator, are in the intensive care unit or have a compromised immune system. This type is severe especially in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases or HIV/AIDS.

Aspiration pneumonia which has been described in a brain injury or other condition affects your normal gag reflex, when the content of the stomach is inhaled in your lungs after vomiting. Opportunistic pneumonia appears in people with compromised immune systems, with AIDS, sickle cell disease, other conditions that impair the immune system. For example, P. carinii pneumonia that almost never occurs inhealthy people.

Risk factors Persons aged 65 and older, very young children, persons with immune deficiency diseases as HIV/AIDS and chronic illnesses, removed spleen, impaired immune system. It has been proved that smoke and abuse alcohol are dangerous too. People who require mechanical ventilation are particularly at risk because the breathing tube, patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit, exposion to certain chemicals or pollutants, toxic fumes. Exposion to fungus as: Coccidioidomycosis, found in the US, Southern California and the desert Southwest or histoplasmosis moslty found in Ohio and Mississippi River valleys.

When to seek medical advice if you experience shortness of breath, chest pain that fluctuates, cough, an unexplained fever with chills and sweats. If you have heart failure or lung ailments, pneumonia can prove fatal in as little as 24 hours.

Screening and diagnosisAfter your doctor exams you and diagnosis the pneumonia you will be sent to chest X-rays and if the image is not clear enough then you may have a more sophisticated imaging test known as a computerized tomography (CT) scan, which takes a series of computer-directed X-rays. Blood tests are necesary and sometimes the examination of your phlegm.


In young and healthy people your pneumonia is treated with succes, but with the age and if your health is deteriorated: heart failure or lung ailments pneumonia is harder to cure. You may develop the following complications: Bacteremia if the infection invades your bloodstream this way it spreads quickly to the other organs, interferes with your ability to breathe because inflammates your lungs. Pleural effusion occurs when sometimes fluid accumulates between the thin, transparent membrane (pleura) covering your lungs and the chest wall.

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Article by Patricia Woloch

Thousands of Americans suffer from episodes of acute or persistent neck pain each year as a result of injury, strain, overuse or aging. Problems in your cervical spine (the first seven bones in the neck running from the base of the brain to just past the shoulder blades) require assessment and treatment to prevent further, more permanent damage. The cervical spine houses the spinal cord, and the spinal cord is the most delicate tissue in the entire body. Even minor damage to the spinal cord cannot be repaired. Untreated spinal cord injuries can lead to irreversible damage.

Whiplash is a non-medical term used to describe neck pain following an injury to the soft tissues of your neck (specifically ligaments, tendons, and muscles). It is caused by an accidental motion or force applied to your neck that results in movement beyond the neck’s normal range of motion.

Whiplash most often happens in vehicle accidents, sporting activities, accidental falls, and cases of assault. Other, more “medical” terms for whiplash include acceleration flexion-extension neck injury and soft tissue cervical hyperextension injury. Your doctor may use the more specific terms of cervical sprain, cervical strain or hyperextension injury. Regardless of the terms used, whiplash can be painful and can be much more serious than initially thought.

As common as neck pain is, the cause of it is not always obvious. Some of the most common causes of neck pain are:

Article by John Samual

The concept of the soothing nature of all dates back to the Empires of ancient times when not only the aroma of the oil but also the effect on the skin produced a calming and relaxing effect. The autocratic heads of great empires be they the Pharaohs of Egypt, the Emperors of Rome, or the Ottoman or Moghul heads of their respective empires, all knew about luxury, and enjoyed that pleasure to the full.

Health was always an issue in years gone by. Death in infancy was widespread, and life expectancy limited by the sanitary conditions, the insect and parasite life, and the quality of food at times. Warmer climates in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Africa were a breeding ground for disease which could strike at rich and powerful almost easily as the poor. Plagues were no respecter of status, power and riches, and many devastating plagues wrought havoc through whole populations.

The poor had little access to the best foods but the quality of food was such that even the best could sometimes cause problems, requiring colon cleanse, other treatments including constipation remedies.

Plants have been a rich source of fragrant oils whose benefits both in terms of inhalation and massage have been seen over time. The Hamams of the Ottoman Empire continue to this day but accompanying the cleansing of the skin with a scrubbing away of dead skin in the warm atmosphere, the massage that follows can leave anyone feeling completely refreshed.

Oils of lemon or lavender produce aromas to relax the mind, and if accompanied by a massage, the overall effect is one of rejuvenation.

These activities were an annual occurrence for the more well to do in such society with no constraints on either the pocket or of time. Whatever treatments were required, the best physicians attended to their every need. Any pain was immediately diagnosed, colon cleanse was prescribed when needed, constipation remedies likewise.

Sometimes the biggest threat to a wealthy person of some status, the child of a Sultan, was from within the family when succession became a topic of concern. Many of the noble born were assassinated, others were locked up, in fairly good living conditions but that locking up was in very secure chambers. There could be only one Sultan, and he had to be secure in the knowledge that there was no threat to his reign.

The Ottoman ruled a vast tract of Europe and Turkey for many centuries, at one point almost reaching Vienna but their star faded from the middle of the nineteenth century, finally to be extinguished just after the First World War as Turkey became a republic under the inspiration and guidance of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the former head of the Turkish Army whose influence within the vast country of modern day Turkey is seen even today, over seventy years since his death.

His reform of the country was spectacular and included the change of the alphabet from the Arabic to Latin script. Few in Turkey would not agree that this man will be remembered for centuries to come.

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Article by Rebecca Glessner

All women may not have been created equally but thanks to the advent and continuing innovations in plastic surgery, more and more women are able to transform themselves into being the best of what they can be. Whether one sees it as a lifestyle choice or a medical treatment, plastic surgery is truly a marvelous gift to women; from simple nose jobs to breast augmentations to liposuction to correction of birth defects and acquired flaws, Dallas is a city that’s brimming with skilled experts. Plastic surgeon Dallas is the most sensible choice for residents of the area as the close proximity of the surgeon and the medical facility to one’s home will aid a great deal in providing emergency assistance as well as emotional support during the post-operative phase; obtaining the services of surgeon located within the area will also help eliminate additional costs such as transportation and the need to hire a caregiver. The price is one of the biggest factors that influence one’s choice of surgeon; although one can easily compare the fees of various cosmetic surgeons in Dallas, it is necessary to consider more important elements such as experience, credibility and genuine concern to the client.

Plastic surgeon Dallas must be certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery and must possess at least three years of professional experience; it would be worth looking into any malpractice suits and complaints from dissatisfied clients as well. During the initial visit, one should determine whether the surgeon is able to fully address one’s concerns and provide adequate and understandable information about the procedure. A trust-worthy plastic surgeon is one that will be fully honest regarding the costs of the entire procedure and give patients a clear summary of expenses that’s broken down into details. It would also be worth checking into the qualifications of the entire medical team; there are surgeons who allow their patients to get to know the surgical team better to establish trust and to provide them with peace of mind. A staff that’s professional, courteous, competent and understanding is something to look for when deciding on a plastic surgery clinic; one should also check the condition of the site where the surgery will take place and decide whether one is comfortable with it.

Plastic surgeon Dallas understands that plastic surgery can be a frightening experience especially for first-time clients; a good plastic surgeon is someone that will help you get through things. One should opt for a surgeon that utilizes good communication techniques in enabling clients to verbalize thoughts and feelings about the procedure. A good plastic surgeon is one that includes the patients in the decision-making process, listens to the clients’ opinions and appropriately reassures them. Reputable Dallas cosmetic surgeons provide their patients with support all throughout the pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative phase of the procedure; not only do they give patients the necessary post-surgical instructions and prescriptions, they also provide them with an easily accessible contact number for emergency situations. Lastly, a respectable Dallas plastic surgeon is one that safeguards the privacy and confidentiality of the patient’s identity and records.

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Learn more about dermatology TX and Mohs surgeon Dallas SkinCancerConsultants.Com.

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This movie was created to educate children who will be having surgery for the first time. Marissa was having surgery to have her Adenoid and Tonsils removed due to her sleep apnea. This was her first time in surgery and wanted to document it so that others kids will know what to expect. The clips will show beginning to end and will includes some hospital procedures.
Video Rating: 4 / 5